The common cold or the viral upper respiratory tract infection is perhaps one of the most common infections. It is a viral infection that affects your nose and throat. There are several viruses that can cause a cold, but the usual symptom is a running nose. This happens to be one of the most contagious diseases amongst humans, but it does not last for a long time. The common cold will get out of the system within a week or ten days. The disease is spread by direct contact, from one person to another. For example – If a person has sneezed and another person touches the secretion, there is a chance of developing the disease. The virus can spread via objects that the infected person has touched or used as well, such as, pen, keyboard, mobile, plates, cups or spoons. Usually children are more prone to developing a cold than adults. This is because they can easily get infected with the virus. Since the cold can be a frequent occurrence for many, it is important to avoid and cure it as much as possible. This article will help you understand the causes and symptoms of cold, and also give you tips on how to cure a cold.
Causes of common cold –
There are several viruses that cause cold, but usually they all have similar symptoms. The most common viruses that cause cold include –
The usual symptoms of this disease are –
Since there are several viruses that can cause a cold, the symptoms can differ slightly. A common misconception is that cold weather causes this condition. This is not true, the common cold can occur at any time of the year.
Avoiding the cold –
Complete immunization against the cold is not easy, but a person can stop the cold from increasing, and make the situation more comfortable. It is not possible to get rid of all the conditions, as there is no specific medication to cure them all. It is practically impossible to cure a cold, but there are several remedies to make use of.
There are certain steps one can take to avoid the common cold –
1.Wash your hands thoroughly as often as possible. This is beneficial because washing the hands with soap will kill any bacteria, germs or viruses and reduce the idea of you contracting the disease.
2.Vitamin supplements can also be taken to improve the body’s immune system. Vitamin D and C are effective for this purpose.
3.Eating lots of fruits and vegetables will help make your body stronger, and your immune system more effective.
How to cure a cold –
Once you have contracted the cold, there are a few things you can do to reduce the symptoms.
1.Drink lots of fluids, as it is important to keep yourself hydrated.
2.Taking rest is also essential, as it will help you to recover faster.
3.Avoiding heavy, cold or spicy food is also a good idea, as this gives more work for your body.